Special Care Unit (Babies)

At SPCH the special care unit is setup to care for babies born prematurely or ill. A Special neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU), also known as an intensive care nursery (ICN), is an intensive-care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants, this unit becomes the centre of focus for parents of premature babies.Premature babies need extra help while their bodies catch up on the growth and development they missed in the uterus (womb). For example, it's harder for a baby to stay warm because he or she can’t regulate her own body temperature yet but a special cot (incubator) helps with this.


click here for General Tenets/Aims of Antenatal care

We at SPCH takes proper care of the patients at our unit and we educate parents of the babies.As the parent of a premature baby, over the coming days, weeks and possibly months you are likely to spend a lot of time in the baby unit (also called the neonatal unit). This will probably feel very strange at first, but as you become more familiar with the way the unit works and what all the equipment does. Your baby may need to be moved between units depending on what level of care he or she needs at a given point in time.

A baby must make many physical adjustments to life outside the mother's body. Leaving the uterus means that a baby can no longer depend on the mother's circulation and placenta for important physiologic functions. Before birth, breathing, eating, elimination of waste, and immunologic protection all came from the mother. When a baby enters the world, many body systems change dramatically from the way they functioned during fetal life:.

  • The lungs must breathe air.
  • The cardiac and pulmonary circulation changes.
  • The digestive system must begin to process food and excrete waste.
  • The kidneys must begin working to balance fluids and chemicals in the body and excrete waste.
  • The liver and immunologic systems must begin functioning independently.
  • Premature babies also need extra monitoring, treatment and care. They are vulnerable and can have serious health problems. Some of the common problems associated with premature birth are: breathing problems, bleeding in the brain, heart conditions, gut and digestive disorders, eye problems, jaundice, anaemia infections.

    Who will care for my baby in the unit?

    At the neonatal unit, a skilled team from different professions will care for your baby. Some of the people you may meet include:
  • Staff and specialist neonatal nurses.
  • The senior nurse in charge of the unit, called the sister or unit manager.
  • Consultant paediatrician or neonatologist, who leads your baby's care.
  • Other specialist doctors, such as surgeons.
  • Staff grade doctors.
  • Junior doctors.
  • Physiotherapists to help with your baby's development.
  • Radiographers, who take x-rays and scans.
  • Dietitians who advise on nutrition.
  • Pharmacists.
  • Nursery nurses.

  • Equipment in Use At The SCU

    TYour premature baby will be supported by a lot of different devices. Most of them are involved in helping him breathe, receive nutrients and stay warm.