Welcome to the labour ward of SPCH, Labor in pregnanat women is the process by which the fetus and the placenta leave the uterus. Delivery can occur in two ways, vaginally or by a cesarean delivery. Labor occurs in three stages and can actually begin weeks before a woman delivers her infant. The first stage begins with the woman's first contractions and continues until she is dilated fully (10 centimeters, or 4 inches), which means the cervix has stretched to prepare for birth. The second stage is the active stage, in which the pregnant woman begins to push downward. It begins with complete dilation of the cervix and ends with the actual birth. The third stage, or placental stage, begins with the birth and ends with the completed delivery of the placenta and afterbirth. .

You’re likely to recognise the signs of labour when the time comes, but if you’re in any doubt, don't hesitate to contact your midwife,The main signs of labour starting are strong, regular contractions and a "show". A show is when the plug of mucus from your cervix comes away.:

 The philosophy of this Hospital is to provide excellent medical care at primary, secondary and tertiary levels.

STAGES OF LABOUR: There are 3 stages of labour

  • First stage
  • This is the period from the onset of strong regular uterine contractions of at least 1 in 10 mins to the full dilatation of the cervix (this is when the cervix is 10 cm dilated).
  • Second Stage
  • This is the time from the full cervical dilatation to delivery of the baby.
  • Third Stage
  • This is the time from after delivery of the baby to the complete expulsion of the placenta.

    Brief explanation of Labour pains

    Labour pains may be initially noticed as gripping pain similar to menstrual pain, affecting the waist and lower abdomen. The abdomen will also feel tight and firm. This menstruallike pain would be better appreciated by women that have had menstrual pain during their menstrual period. It initially occurs intermittently but gradually, the frequency of the pain and the intensity/severity, i.e. the painful nature, increase. It gradually progresses from a menstruallike pain to more severe pain which is gripping/grasping in nature. Each episode of the pain usually lasts less than one minute or at most one minute. When the frequency of the labour pain is about one or more in every ten minutes, then the woman is said to be in labour.