The services rendered in the Department include general Paediatrics, Neonatology and Paediatric Endocrinology
Preventive Medicine – Child Healthcare Scheme
Neonatology: Standard Neonatal Unit with functional incubators; trained personnel have helped in no small measure to reduce mortality rate in premature babies. Babies 0.5 – 1.0kg have been managed successfully due to exceptionally high quality care.
All routine child immunizations cover Heamophillus, Influenza, Yellow fever, Chicken Pox, Reta Virus and MMR Vaccines.
The Department also engages in bi-monthly comprehensive check of babies at risk of developmental delay, retardation or complications from diseases. These include:
- Premature babies
- Babies that do not cry well soon after birth
- Jaundice management
- Babies that had exchange blood transfusion
- Cases of meningitis
- Congenital effects
- Sickle cell patients in stable state
- Seemingly healthy babies for early detection of health problems
- Patients under the scheme are entitled to bi-monthly consultation with the Chief Consultant Paediatrician for one year at affordable cost.
INFANT FEEDING/BABY FRIENDLY INITIATIVE
The baby rienfly (breast feeding) policy for SPCH is being practiced beginning from the labour ward and this involves:
- A baby cot is by the mother's bed and also the mother's bed is big enough for both mother and baby, so as to ensure early bonding of baby to mother and also to ensure prompt breasfeeding of the baby when necessary
- The baby is shown to the mother immediately after vaginal delivery. Mother is allowed to cuddle baby after wrapping the baby with a towel
- As soon as possible after delivery, the baby is put to the mother's breast
- In the case of women with obstetric complications e.g. caserean section, efforts are made to start breast feeding as soon as possible.
At SPCH, pregnant and nursing mothers are taughh at the ANC and postnatal clinic (PNC) the following:
- To put babies to breast within 30 minutes of birth
- that a baby should either lie with the mother or be placed in a baby cot next to the mother from the moment of birth
- That mothers should not give their babies any other fluid except Breast Milk. No glucose drink or fruit juice, pure water or boiled water till baby is at least 4-6 months old.
- That babies are to be fed with only breast milk for the first 6 months of life and as many times as neccesary, before introducing other foods.
- That babies are to be allowed to continue breast feeding up to the 2nd birthday or beyond even after the addition of breastmilk substitutes
Advantages of Breast Milk and Breast feeding
- Breast milk is easily digested and absorbed by the baby unlike Baby milk formulas which take a longer time before digestion occurs.
- Breast milk contains antibodies which protect the child against infection. Baby milk formulas contain no antibodies and so baby at greater risk of getting infections such as diarhoea, vomitting e.t.c.
- Breastfeeding helps mother's womb to return to normal after birth. This quality/advantage of breast milk can never be seen with the use of baby milk formulas
- Breastfeeding does not requires any elaborate preparation unlike with the use of baby milk formulas of where you need to use the appropriate amount of clean water for a particular amount of baby milk formula. The use of baby milk formulas can be easily abused or improperly used especially by the poorlyh educated mothers